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  Bio-



Bio-

   Prefix indicating living plants or creatures, as in biology, the study of living organisms.



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Binge drinking
The dangerous practice of consuming large quantities of alcoholic beverages in a single session. Binge drinking carries a serious risk of harm, including alcohol poisoning.

Binge eating disorder
An eating disorder characterized by periods of extreme over-eating, but not followed by purging behaviors as in most cases of bulimia. Binge eating can occur alone, or in conjunction with a lesion of the hypothalamus gland, Prader-Willi disorder, or other conditions. It can contribute to high blood pressure, weight gain, diabetes, and heart disease. Treatment depends on the patient and the underlying disorder, but may include therapy, dietary education and advice, and medication.

Binocular diplopia
See: Diplopia, binocular.

Binocularity
The ability to focus upon an object with both eyes and create a single stereoscopic image. Binocularity requires highly convergent orbits. The evolutionary increases among primates in the degree of orbital convergence have been noted to correlate with the expansion of visual brain structures and, as a consequence, with the overall size of the brain. It is therefore thought that the evolution of brain size in primates was associated with visual specialization.

Binucleate
Having two nuclei. Binucleate cells are due to a defect in cytokinesis, the process by which two daughter cells separate at the completion of cell division.

Bio-

Bioarchaeology
The use of a range of biological techniques on archaeological material in order to learn more about past populations. In bioarchaeology, one might isolate and amplify DNA from very old bones such as from the frozen body of the 9,000-year-old Ice Man who was found in the Italian Alps.

Biochemical
Relating to biochemistry, the application of the tools and concepts of chemistry to living systems.

Biochemical aspirin resistance
The inability of aspirin to produce an anticipated effect on one or more tests of platelet function, such as inhibiting the biosynthesis of thromboxane, inhibiting platelet aggregation, and causing a prolongation of the bleeding time. The rationale for this testing is the concern as to whether aspirin therapy can in a given patient help prevent a heart attack or stroke.

Biochemistry
The chemistry of biology, the application of the tools and concepts of chemistry to living systems.

Biofeedback
"A method of treatment that uses monitors to feed back to patients physiological information of which they are normally unaware. By watching the monitor, patients can learn by trial and error to adjust their thinking and other mental processes in order to control ""involuntary"" bodily processes such as blood pressure, temperature, gastrointestinal functioning, and brain wave activity. "

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