Binocular vision
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  Binocular vision



Binocular vision

    Vision performed with two eyes/sensors whose outputs are often used to extract relative stereoscopic depth.

RELATED TERMS
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Vision
The sense of sight.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Binocular
Using both eyes at the same time. Binocular vision is the most important element of depth perception.

Binocular diplopia
See: Diplopia, binocular.

Binocular disparity
The difference in position of two retinal images of an object that do not fall on exactly corresponding retinal positions.

Binocular field
A receptive field which responds to a cells optimal stimulus if it is presented to either eye.

Binocular overlap
The segment of the optic array sampled by both eyes.

Binocular rivalry
Occurs when the two eyes are presented with different stimuli. Instead of seeing a summation of the two images, our perception switches from one image to the other.

Binocular zone
The central region of the visual field from which light enter both eyes.

Binocularity
The ability to focus upon an object with both eyes and create a single stereoscopic image. Binocularity requires highly convergent orbits. The evolutionary increases among primates in the degree of orbital convergence have been noted to correlate with the expansion of visual brain structures and, as a consequence, with the overall size of the brain. It is therefore thought that the evolution of brain size in primates was associated with visual specialization.

Binoptic stimulation
When the same image is presented to each eye.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Bandwidth
The ratio of the spatial frequencies at which half the maximum contrast sensitivity is obtained.

Barber pole illusion
The direction of motion of a diagonal grating pattern drifting behind a rectangular aperture depends upon the elongation of the aperture. The prevailing explanation is that the perceived direction of motion results from the integration of motion signals from grating terminators at the edges of the aperture. As a vertically elongated aperture has larger number of terminators with vertical trajectories, vertical motion prevails.

Benussi ring illusion
The addition of an intervening line can chance the perceived lightness of the two sides of a ring with uniform luminance.

Binding problem
If color, form, and motion are processed in separate areas of the brain, how/where is this information reassembled to create a single unified percept. (e.g. a purple box moving to the left).

Binocular disparity
The difference in position of two retinal images of an object that do not fall on exactly corresponding retinal positions.

Binocular vision

Binocular field
A receptive field which responds to a cells optimal stimulus if it is presented to either eye.

Binocular overlap
The segment of the optic array sampled by both eyes.

Binocular rivalry
Occurs when the two eyes are presented with different stimuli. Instead of seeing a summation of the two images, our perception switches from one image to the other.

Binocular zone
The central region of the visual field from which light enter both eyes.

Binoptic stimulation
When the same image is presented to each eye.

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