Biliary sand
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  Biliary sand



Biliary sand

   Biliary sand is a term mostly used by surgeons when they remove the gallbladder to describe uncountable, small particles in bile that are visible to the naked eye. Biliary sand may be looked upon as a stage in the growth of the particles that comprise sludge (which are microscopic and not visible to the naked eye) and gallstones, which are large enough to be counted easily. The composition of biliary sand varies but is similar to the composition of gallstones. The most common components of biliary sand are cholesterol crystals and calcium salts.

RELATED TERMS
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Biliary
Having to do with the gallbladder, bile ducts, or bile. The biliary system itself consists of the gallbladder and bile ducts and, of course, the bile.

Gallbladder
The storage sac for bile, located below the liver.

Bile
Fluid made by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. Bile helps break down fats and gets rid of wastes in the body.

Eye
The organ of sight. The eye has a number of components. These components include but are not limited to the cornea, iris, pupil, lens, retina, macula, optic nerve, choroid and vitreous.

Gallstones
Presence or formation of gallstones.

Cholesterol
A substance similar to fat that is found in the blood, muscles, liver, brain, and other body tissues.

Calcium
Chemical element needed for healthy teeth, bones and nerves



SIMILAR TERMS
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Biliary
Having to do with the gallbladder, bile ducts, or bile. The biliary system itself consists of the gallbladder and bile ducts and, of course, the bile.

Biliary atresia
A condition present from birth in which the bile ducts inside or outside the liver do not have normal openings. Bile becomes trapped in the liver, causing jaundice and cirrhosis. Without surgery the condition may cause death.

Biliary compression
Abnormal pressure on the biliary tree compromising the normal drainage of bile.

Biliary decompression
A procedure done to remove pressure on the biliary tree and permit the normal drainage of bile.

Biliary sludge
A mixture of microscopic particulate matter in bile that occurs when particles of material precipitate from bile. (Bile is the fluid that is made by the liver. It is stored in the gallbladder until after a meal when it passes out of the gallbladder and through the common bile duct into the intestine to help digest fat in the meal.)

Biliary stricture
A narrowing of the biliary tract from scar tissue. The scar tissue may result from injury, disease, pancreatitis, infection, or gallstones. See also stricture.

Biliary system
The gallbladder and the bile ducts. Also called biliary system or biliary tree.

Biliary tract
The gallbladder and the bile ducts. Also called biliary system or biliary tree.

Bilious
The adjective for bile, bilious has three meanings. It means of or relating to bile. By extension, bilious means suffering from liver dysfunction (and especially excessive secretion of bile). And, further by extension, it is indicative of a peevish ill-natured disposition.

Biliousness
"A term used in the 18th and 19th centuries pertaining to bad digestion, stomach pains, constipation, and excessive flatulence (passing gas). The quantity or quality of the bile was thought to be at fault for the condition. Hence, the name ""biliousness."" (""Bilious"" derives from the French ""bilieux,"" which in turn came from ""bilis,"" the Latin term for ""bile."") Biliousness was generally laid to high living. The ""cure"" was moderation and frequent visits to the doctor."

Bilirubin
The orange-yellow pigment of bile, the green fluid that aids in digestion and that is secreted by the liver. Bilirubin is formed mainly by hemoglobin breakdown at the end of red cell life and eventually most of it leaves the body in the feces. Two types are in the blood. Water insoluble or unconjugated bilirubin refers to the pigment before it reaches the liver. In the liver it is converted to the water-soluble or conjugated bilirubin which is excreted into the bile.

Bilivist
Bilivist is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): ipodate sodium.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Bile sludge
An uncommon type of cancer that arises from the bile duct, the tube that connects the liver and the gallbladder to the small intestine.

Bilharzia
Disease caused by worms that parasitize people. Also called schistosomiasis. Three main species of these trematode worms (flukes)--Schistosoma haematobium, S. japonicum, and S. mansoni - cause disease in humans. Larval forms of the parasite live in freshwater snails. The cercaria (form of the parasite) is liberated from the snail burrow into skin, transforms to the schistosomulum stage, and migrates to the urinary tract (S. haematobium), liver or intestine (S. japonicum, S.mansoni) where the adult worms develop. Eggs are shed into the urinary tract or the intestine and hatch to form miracidia (yet another form of the parasite) which then infect snails, completing the life cycle of the parasite.. Adult schistosome worms can seriously damage tissue. The name bilharzia comes from that of the short-lived German physician Theodor Bilharz (1825-1862).

Biliary
Having to do with the gallbladder, bile ducts, or bile. The biliary system itself consists of the gallbladder and bile ducts and, of course, the bile.

Biliary compression
Abnormal pressure on the biliary tree compromising the normal drainage of bile.

Biliary decompression
A procedure done to remove pressure on the biliary tree and permit the normal drainage of bile.

Biliary sand

Biliary sludge
A mixture of microscopic particulate matter in bile that occurs when particles of material precipitate from bile. (Bile is the fluid that is made by the liver. It is stored in the gallbladder until after a meal when it passes out of the gallbladder and through the common bile duct into the intestine to help digest fat in the meal.)

Bilious
The adjective for bile, bilious has three meanings. It means of or relating to bile. By extension, bilious means suffering from liver dysfunction (and especially excessive secretion of bile). And, further by extension, it is indicative of a peevish ill-natured disposition.

Biliousness
"A term used in the 18th and 19th centuries pertaining to bad digestion, stomach pains, constipation, and excessive flatulence (passing gas). The quantity or quality of the bile was thought to be at fault for the condition. Hence, the name ""biliousness."" (""Bilious"" derives from the French ""bilieux,"" which in turn came from ""bilis,"" the Latin term for ""bile."") Biliousness was generally laid to high living. The ""cure"" was moderation and frequent visits to the doctor."

Biloma
An encapsulated collection of bile within the abdomen. A biloma may form if there is bile duct disruption, as from a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. From bile + -oma (a tumor).

Binaural
Relating to both ears.

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