Bile acids
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  Bile acids



Bile acids

    Acids made by the liver that work with bile to break down fats.

RELATED TERMS
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Liver
The largest organ in the body. The liver carries out many important functions, such as making bile, changing food into energy, and cleaning alcohol and poisons from the blood.

Bile
Fluid made by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. Bile helps break down fats and gets rid of wastes in the body.

Fats
One of the three main classes of food and a source of energy in the body. Bile dissolves fats, and enzymes break them down. This process moves fats into cells.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Bile
Fluid made by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. Bile helps break down fats and gets rid of wastes in the body.

Bile acid
An acid made by the liver that works with bile to break down fats. On a more technical level, bile acids are steroid carboxylic acids derived from cholesterol. The primary bile acids are cholic and chenodeoxycholic acids. They are conjugated with glycine or taurine before they are secreted into the bile.

Bile acid resin
Bile acid resins are substances that bind in the intestines with bile acids that contain cholesterol and are then eliminated in the stool. The major effect of bile acid resins is to lower LDL-cholesterol by about 10 to 20 percent. Small doses of resins can produce useful reductions in LDL-cholesterol. Bile acid resins are sometimes prescribed with a statin for patients with heart disease to increase cholesterol reduction. When these two drugs are combined, their effects are added together to lower LDL-cholesterol by over 40 percent.

Bile duct cancer
An uncommon type of cancer that arises from the bile duct, the tube that connects the liver and the gallbladder to the small intestine.

Bile ducts
Tubes that carry bile from the liver to the gallbladder for storage and to the small intestine for use in digestion.

Bile sludge
An uncommon type of cancer that arises from the bile duct, the tube that connects the liver and the gallbladder to the small intestine.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Benign tumor
An abnormal growth that is not cancer and does not spread to other areas of the body.

Bereavement
To be in a sad or lonely state due to a loss or death.

Bernstein test
A test to find out if heartburn is caused by acid in the esophagus. The test involves dripping a mild acid, similar to stomach acid, through a tube placed in the esophagus.

Beta blocker
An antihypertensive medication that limits the activity of epinephrine (a hormone that increases blood pressure).

Bile
Fluid made by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. Bile helps break down fats and gets rid of wastes in the body.

Bile acids

Bile ducts
Tubes that carry bile from the liver to the gallbladder for storage and to the small intestine for use in digestion.

Biliary atresia
A condition present from birth in which the bile ducts inside or outside the liver do not have normal openings. Bile becomes trapped in the liver, causing jaundice and cirrhosis. Without surgery the condition may cause death.

Biliary stricture
A narrowing of the biliary tract from scar tissue. The scar tissue may result from injury, disease, pancreatitis, infection, or gallstones. See also stricture.

Biliary system
The gallbladder and the bile ducts. Also called biliary system or biliary tree.

Biliary tract
The gallbladder and the bile ducts. Also called biliary system or biliary tree.

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