Bicuspid Valve A valve with two leaflets (cusps) instead of three.
A fold in the lining of an organ that prevents fluid from flowing backward.
Thin pieces of tissue or flaps that make up a valve.
A tooth named for the two-pointed projections on the crown.
Bicuspid aortic valve
Whereas the normal aortic valve in the heart has three flaps (cusps) that open and close, a bicuspid valve has only two. There may be no symptoms in childhood, but in time the valve may become stenotic (narrowed), making it harder for blood to pass through it, or the valve may start to let blood leak backwards through the valve (regurgitate). Treatment depends on how the valve is working.
Bicuspid or pre-molar
Transitional teeth behind the cuspids.
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Tubes that act like a system of roads or canals to carry blood to and from all parts of the body. The three main types of blood vessels are arteries, veins, and capillaries. The heart pumps blood through these vessels so that the blood can carry with it oxygen and nutrients that the cells need or take away waste that the cells do not need.
An extra boost of insulin given to cover expected rise in blood glucose (sugar) such as the rise that occurs after eating.
Diabetes that is very difficult to control. It is an antiquated term that has no place in current management of diabetes. In particular it is not a distinct form of diabetes, and usually will respond to a more intensive team approach to care.
Balloon Angioplasty (Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty or PTCA)
A specially designed balloon catheter with a small balloon tip is guided to the point of narrowing in the artery. Once in place, the balloon is inflated to compress the fatty matter into the artery wall and stretch the artery open to increase blood flow through the blood vessel.
A drug that slows heart rate, lowers blood pressure, controls angina and protects patients with prior heart attacks from future heart attacks.
Professionals who are skilled in helping people make decisions about what is morally right and wrong.
Blood Clot (thrombus)
A clot forms when clotting factors in the blood cause it to coagulate or become a solid, jelly-like mass. When a blood clot forms inside a blood vessel (a thrombus), it can dislodge and travel through the blood stream, causing a heart attack or stroke.
Blood Thinners (anticoagulants)
Medicine used to prevent clots from forming or getting larger. Heparin is generally given through the vein and Coumadin (warfarin) by mouth.
A test that can help establish compatibility between two different types of blood. Blood types include A, B, AB or O.
Body Mass Index
The number, derived by dividing body weight by height squared; used to determine health risk created by excess body weight.
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