Balance
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  Balance



Balance

   A biological system that enables us to know where our bodies are in the environment and to maintain a desired position. Normal balance depends on information from the inner ear, other senses (such as sight and touch) and muscle movement.

RELATED TERMS
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Environment
The sum of the total of the elements, factors and conditions in the surroundings which may have an impact on the development, action or survival of an organism or group of organisms. The environment is as opposed to genetics. We are the product of our genetic inheritance and our environment.

Balance
A biological system that enables us to know where our bodies are in the environment and to maintain a desired position. Normal balance depends on information from the inner ear, other senses (such as sight and touch) and muscle movement.

Ear
The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy textbooks. They are the outer ear (the part we see along the sides of our head behind the temples), the middle ear, and the inner ear. But in terms of function, the ear has four parts: those three and the brain. Hearing thus involves all parts of the ear as well as the auditory cortex of the brain. The external ear helps concentrate the vibrations of air on the ear drum and make it vibrate. These vibrations are transmitted by a chain of little bones in the middle ear to the inner ear. There they stimulate the fibers of the auditory nerve to transmit impulses to the brain.

Muscle
Tissue made up of bundles of long, slender cells that contract when stimulated.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Balakovo doctors
All doctors near Balakovo, Russia. Doctors who can assist a patient in Balakovo.

Balance, acid-base
Acid-base balance refers to the mechanisms the body uses to keep its fluids close to neutral pH (that is, neither basic nor acidic) so that the body can function normally.

Balance, sense of
"Our sense of balance is regulated by a complex interaction of the following parts of the nervous system: The inner ears (also called the labyrinth) monitor the directions of motion, such as turning or forward-backward, side-to-side, and up-and-down motions.;The eyes observe where the body is in space (i.e., upside down, right side up, etc.) and also the directions of motion.; Skin pressure receptors such as those located in the feet and seat sense what part of the body is down and touching the ground.; Muscle and joint sensory receptors report what parts of the body are moving.;The central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord) processes all the bits of information from the four other systems to make some coordinated sense out of it all."

Balanced
Study trial in which a particular type of subject is equally represented in each study group.

Balanced Care
The Balanced Care is a hospital in Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, United States.

Balanitis
Inflammation of the rounded head (the glans) of the penis. Inflammation of the foreskin is called posthitis. In the uncircumcised male, balanitis and posthitis generally occur together as balanoposthitis: inflammation of both the glans and foreskin.

Balanoposthitis
In the uncircumcised male, balanitis (inflammation of the glans, the rounded head of the penis) and posthitis (inflammation of the foreskin) usually occur together as balanoposthitis: inflammation of both the glans and foreskin.

Balantidiasis
The disease caused by infection with the protozoan parasite Balantidium.

Balantidium
A genus of protozoa with cilia that includes Balantidium coli (B. coli). B. coli is the largest protozoan and the only ciliate parasite to infect humans. The disease that B. coli causes is called balantidiasis. Clinical features, when present, include persistent diarrhea, occasionally dysentery, abdominal pain, and weight loss. Symptoms can be severe in debilitated persons.

Balashikha doctors
All doctors near Balashikha, Russia. Doctors who can assist a patient in Balashikha.

Balat Musevi Hastanesi
The Balat Musevi Hastanesi is a hospital in Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Bacterium
The singular of bacteria.

Bad air
"Any air considered noxious. Today, air filled with tobacco smoke might be considered ""bad air."" So might air contaminated by the emissions of power plants. In the past, bad air was termed a miasma, a poisonous vapor or mist believed to be made up of particles from decomposing material which could cause disease and which could be identified by its foul smell. See: Miasma."

BAEP (brainstem auditory evoked potentials)
See: ABR test.

Bag, air
Popular name for the amniotic sac together with the amniotic fluid within it. The amniotic sac is formed by the amnion within the uterus and encloses the fetus. This sac bursts normally during the birthing process, releasing the amniotic fluid. Also known as the amniotic sac.

Baker cyst
A swelling in the space behind the knee (the popliteal space) composed of a membrane-lined sac filled with synovial fluid that has escaped from the joint. Named after the British surgeon William Morrant Baker (1839-1896). Also called a synovial cyst of the popliteal space.

Balance

Balance, acid-base
Acid-base balance refers to the mechanisms the body uses to keep its fluids close to neutral pH (that is, neither basic nor acidic) so that the body can function normally.

Balance, sense of
"Our sense of balance is regulated by a complex interaction of the following parts of the nervous system: The inner ears (also called the labyrinth) monitor the directions of motion, such as turning or forward-backward, side-to-side, and up-and-down motions.;The eyes observe where the body is in space (i.e., upside down, right side up, etc.) and also the directions of motion.; Skin pressure receptors such as those located in the feet and seat sense what part of the body is down and touching the ground.; Muscle and joint sensory receptors report what parts of the body are moving.;The central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord) processes all the bits of information from the four other systems to make some coordinated sense out of it all."

Balanitis
Inflammation of the rounded head (the glans) of the penis. Inflammation of the foreskin is called posthitis. In the uncircumcised male, balanitis and posthitis generally occur together as balanoposthitis: inflammation of both the glans and foreskin.

Balanoposthitis
In the uncircumcised male, balanitis (inflammation of the glans, the rounded head of the penis) and posthitis (inflammation of the foreskin) usually occur together as balanoposthitis: inflammation of both the glans and foreskin.

Balantidiasis
The disease caused by infection with the protozoan parasite Balantidium.

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