Aspirin
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  Aspirin



Aspirin

    Acetylsalicylic acid. Developed by Bayer. Long used to treat pain, fevers, and inflammation, aspirin is also known to prevent platelets from clumping in the process of blood clot formation. As a result, studies have shown that small, regular doses of aspirin may help prevent heart attacks in: 1) people who have ischemic heart disease, 2) people who are recovering from coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and 3) people who have no symptoms but are at high risk. Aspirin is also used to prevent strokes and TIAs is people who have been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease.

RELATED TERMS
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Bayer
A German-based multinational pharmaceutical corporation developing many medical devices and drugs.

Pain
An unpleasant sensory or emotional experience primarily associated with tissue damage, or described in terms of tissue damage, or both.

Fevers
An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.

Inflammation
A reaction to an injury to the body - by infection, chemicals or physical agents. The symptoms can be - depending on the location of the injury- redness, swelling, heat and pain. The purpose of the inflammation is to dilute and destroy the agent causing the inflammation. To do this, the immune system starts a cascade of actions that causes active cells to gather at the affected location. It is these cells and fluids that cause the redness, swelling, heat and pain.

Aspirin
Acetylsalicylic acid. Developed by Bayer. Long used to treat pain, fevers, and inflammation, aspirin is also known to prevent platelets from clumping in the process of blood clot formation. As a result, studies have shown that small, regular doses of aspirin may help prevent heart attacks in: 1) people who have ischemic heart disease, 2) people who are recovering from coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and 3) people who have no symptoms but are at high risk. Aspirin is also used to prevent strokes and TIAs is people who have been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease.

Platelets
Cells found in the blood.

Blood
The life-maintaining fluid which is made up of plasma, red blood cells (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes), and platelets; blood circulates through the body's heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries; it carries away waste matter and carbon dioxide, and brings nourishment, electrolytes, hormones, vitamins, antibodies, heat, and oxygen to the tissues.

Clot
A jelly-like mass of blood.

Heart
The hollow, muscular organ responsible for pumping blood through the circulatory system.

Disease
Illness or sickness often characterized by typical patient problems (symptoms) and physical findings (signs). Disruption sequence: The events that occur when a fetus that is developing normally is subjected to a destructive agent such as the rubella (German measles) virus.

Artery
A blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body.

Bypass
A surgical procedure designed to increase blood flow to an organ or extremity that has narrowing or blockage of the blood supplying artery. Examples include coronary artery bypass surgery, aortic replacement, ABI (aorta-bi-iliac), ABF (aorto-bi-femoral), and femoral-popliteal bypass)

Graft
A piece of skin or other tissue used as a transplant.

Surgery
Treating diseases or other medical conditions by operating on a patient to remove or repair parts of the body.

Risk
In clinical trials, the probability of harm or discomfort for subjects, arising from the test product. Acceptable risk differs depending on the condition for which a product is being tested. A product for sore throat, for example, will be expected to have a low incidence of side effects. However, unpleasant side effects may be an acceptable risk when testing a promising treatment for a life-threatening illness.

Cardiovascular
Of, relating to, or involving the heart and the blood vessels.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Aspie
Name that many people with Asperger syndrome call themselves.

Aspirate
To suck in. A patient may aspirate for example by accidentally drawing material from the stomach into the lungs. A doctor can aspirate a joint.

Aspiration
Removal of a sample of fluid and cells through a needle. Aspiration also refers to the accidental sucking in of food particles or fluids into the lungs.

Aspiration pneumonia
Infection of the lungs due to aspiration (the sucking in of food particles or fluids into the lungs).

Aspiration, fine needle
See Fine needle aspiration.

Aspiration, joint
A procedure whereby a sterile needle and syringe are used to drain joint fluid from the joint. This is usually done as an office procedure or at the bedside in the hospital. The procedure is also known medically as arthrocentesis.

Aspirin and caffeine with butalbital
Aspirin and caffeine with butalbital is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): aspirin; butalbital; caffeine.

Aspirin resistance
"1. The inability of aspirin to protect a person from cardiovascular events such as heart attacks and strokes. This has been called clinical aspirin resistance. 2. The inability of aspirin to produce an anticipated effect on one or more tests of platelet function. This has been called biochemical aspirin resistance, although the tests are not all truly biochemical in nature. See: Biochemical aspirin resistance; Clinical aspirin resistance."



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Anisometropia
A difference in the focusing power of the two eyes. One of the major causes of amblyopia; the brain is not able to clearly focus both eyes simultaneously. This is a "hidden" cause of amblyopia and very difficult to detect without an eye exam.

Aphakia
An absence of the lens in the eye. The lens is removed during a cataract operation. The natural lens may be replace with an artificial lens during the cataract operation.

Avelox
Avelox (moxifloxacin hydrochloride) is an antibacterial agent for the treatment of uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections and respiratory tract infections. It is produced by Bayer.

Adalat
Adalat CC(nifedipine) is a once-a-day treatment of hypertension.

Actira
Actira is a prescription oral antibiotic with nearly 10 million patient uses worldwide. It works by killing the types of bacteria that most often cause common adult respiratory tract infections. Made by Bayer.

Aspirin

Acetysalicylic acid
The active substance in aspirin, a medication developed by Bayer.

Ascensia
A blood glucose monitoring system by Bayer.

amobarbital
A hypnotic drug.

Amitriptyline
An antidepressant.

Alprazolam
A tranquilizer.

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