Androgenic
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  Androgenic



Androgenic

   " Pertaining to the development of male characteristics, including body hair, the genital organs and muscle mass. ""Androgenic"" is the adjective form of the noun ""androgen,"" a word referring to any of the male hormones, including testosterone and androsterone. Androgenic development -- that is, the development of male characteristics -- begins in puberty, the time when a person becomes physically capable of producing offspring. In males, this time most commonly occurs between ages 12 and 14. A deepening voice is one of the signs of androgenic activity. Androgen is produced in males by the testes, the two globe-shaped reproductive organs below the penis, and by the adrenal glands, two small hormone-producing organs that each sit atop a kidney. Androgen is also produced in females in the adrenal glands. Overproduction of androgen can generate some male characteristics in women and exaggerate male characteristics in men. ""Androgenic"" is derived from the Greek words ""andros"" (man) and ""genein"" (to produce)."" Related words include ""androgynous"" (having both male and female characteristics), ""andrology"" (the study of health in males), ""androphobia"" (fear of men) and ""android"" (in science fiction, a manlike robot)."

RELATED TERMS
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Development
The process of growth and differentiation.

Hair
A modification of the epidermis found on almost every surface of the body except the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, and the glans penis. It is a filament of KERATIN consisting of a shaft, a root, and a point.

Genital
Having to do with the sex organs.

Muscle
Tissue made up of bundles of long, slender cells that contract when stimulated.

Hormones
Biological compounds that communicate information at a distance. Hormones require specific receptors to begin their biological action and use second messengers to initiate the cellular process that uses that information.

Testosterone
The hormone that promotes the building of muscle mass in males and libido in both sexes.

Androgenic
" Pertaining to the development of male characteristics, including body hair, the genital organs and muscle mass. ""Androgenic"" is the adjective form of the noun ""androgen,"" a word referring to any of the male hormones, including testosterone and androsterone. Androgenic development -- that is, the development of male characteristics -- begins in puberty, the time when a person becomes physically capable of producing offspring. In males, this time most commonly occurs between ages 12 and 14. A deepening voice is one of the signs of androgenic activity. Androgen is produced in males by the testes, the two globe-shaped reproductive organs below the penis, and by the adrenal glands, two small hormone-producing organs that each sit atop a kidney. Androgen is also produced in females in the adrenal glands. Overproduction of androgen can generate some male characteristics in women and exaggerate male characteristics in men. ""Androgenic"" is derived from the Greek words ""andros"" (man) and ""genein"" (to produce)."" Related words include ""androgynous"" (having both male and female characteristics), ""andrology"" (the study of health in males), ""androphobia"" (fear of men) and ""android"" (in science fiction, a manlike robot)."

Puberty
A sequence of events by which a child becomes a young adult; characterized by secretions of hormones, development of secondary sexual characteristics, reproductive functions, and growth spurts.

Androgen
Any substance that produces male characteristics. Testosterone and androsterone are natural androgens.

Testes
The pair of male glands, contained in the scrotum, that produce sperm.

Penis
The male sex organ, which consists of a head called glans, and the shaft or body. At the tip of the glans is the urethral opening, through which urine and semen leave the body. The shaft or the body of the penis is made of spongy tissue and blood vessels. And it fills with blood an grows in size (becomes erect) during sexual excitement.

Kidney
One of the paired organs that excrete urine. The kidneys are bean-shaped organs (about 11 cm long, 5 cm wide, and 3 cm thick) lying on either side of the vertebral column, posterior to the peritoneum, about opposite the twelfth thoracic and first three lumbar vertebrae.

Females
Human adult females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.

Female
The traditional definition of female was "an individual of the sex that bears young" or "that produces ova or eggs". However, things are not so simple today. Female can be defined by physical appearance, by chromosome constitution (see Female chromosome complement), or by gender identification. Female chromosome complement: The large majority of females have a 46, XX chromosome complement (46 chromosomes including two X chromosomes). A minority of females have other chromosome constitutions such as 45,X (45 chromosomes including only one X chromosome) and 47,XXX (47 chromosomes including three X chromosomes).

Health
The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.

Science
1. A continuous process whose basic purposes are to make phenomena recognizable and to predict outcomes, and whose fundamental activities comprise|(a) observing and describing phenomena and developing general conclusions about them; (b) integrating new data with organized observations that have been confirmed; (c) formulating testable hypotheses based on the results of such integration; (d) testing such hypotheses under controlled, repeatable conditions; (e) observing the results of such testing, recording them unambiguously, and interpreting them clearly; and (f) actively seeking criticism from participants in science. 2. Knowledge from science. 3. A scientific domain (e.g., genetics). 4. Knowledge from a particular scientific domain. 5. Any system or method characterized by the application of scientific principles to practical ends (e.g., culinary science). 6. Any disciplined, systematized area of study. 7. Methodological activity, training, or study. 8. Any activity that ostensibly requires study and method. 9. Knowledge from experience. 10. A developed ability. 11. The state of knowing.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Andreas Clinic
The Andreas Clinic is a hospital in Cham, Switzerland.

Andrews Memorial Hospial
The Andrews Memorial Hospial is a hospital in Kingston, Jamaica.

Andro
Short for androstenedione, a normal precursor to testosterone and other androgens. Taking andro can raise testosterone levels. See: Androstenedione.

Androcur
The trade name of the hormone, cyproterone acetate, manufactured by Schering A.G., West Berlin. The hormone resembles progestin and is antiandrogenic. It has various clinical applications, one of which is to help sex offenders gain personal governance of their sexuoerotic conduct.

Androderm
Androderm is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): testosterone.

Androgel
Androgel is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): testosterone.

Androgen
Any substance that produces male characteristics. Testosterone and androsterone are natural androgens.

Androgen ablation
Treatment designed to suppress or block the production of male hormones. Androgen suppression can be achieved by surgical removal of the testicles, by taking female sex hormones, or by taking other drugs called antiandrogens. Also called androgen suppression.

Androgen hermaphroditism
Androgen-induced hermaphroditism is a syndrome of hermaphroditic birth defect of the sex organs induced in the 46, XY gonadally female fetus by an excess of masculinizing hormone transmitted from the mother through the placenta. The syndrome may be experimentally induced in animals by injection of the hormone testosterone, whereas in human beings it is adventitious, the source of the hormone being a maternal (possibly placental) hormone-producing tumor.

Androgen hormone
A hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex which affects the development of male characteristics.

Androgen insensitivity syndrome, complete
"A genetic disorder that makes XY fetuses insensitive (unresponsive) to androgens (male hormones). Instead, they are born looking externally like normal girls. Internally, there is a short blind-pouch vagina and no uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries. There are testes in the abdomen or the inguinal canal. The complete androgen insensitivity syndrome is usually detected at puberty when a girl should but does not begin to menstruate. Many of the girls with the syndrome have no pubic or axillary (armpit) hair. They have luxuriant scalp hair without temporal (male-pattern) balding. They are sterile and cannot bear children. They are at high risk for osteoporosis and so should take estrogen replacement therapy. The gene for the syndrome is on the X chromosome in band Xq11-q12. The gene codes for the androgen receptor (also called the dihydrotestosterone receptor). This gene is mutant in the complete androgen insensitivity syndrome. Because of the mutation, the cells cannot respond to androgen. If a woman has the mutation on one of her X chromosomes, the risk for each of her XY offspring to receive the gene and have the syndrome is one-half (50%). There are also partial androgen insensitivity syndromes. They usually result in micropenis with hypospadias and gynecomastia (male breast development). These conditions (which include a disorder called Reifenstein syndrome) are also due to mutations in the androgen receptor gene. The complete androgen insensitivity syndrome was once referred to as testicular feminization (TFM). The name ""complete androgen insensitivity syndrome"" is scientifically accurate and is more satisfactory to patients and their families."

Androgen suppression
Treatment designed to suppress or block the production of male hormones. Androgen suppression can be achieved by surgical removal of the testicles, by taking female sex hormones, or by taking other drugs called antiandrogens. Also called androgen ablation.

Androgen suppression therapy
See: Androgen suppression.

Androgen-insensitivity
The androgen-insensitivity syndrome is a congenital condition identified by a 46, XY sex chromosomal karyotype in girls or women who appear externally to be not sexually different from normal females, except in some cases for a swelling or lump in each groin, or for the absence or sparseness of pubic and axillary hair after puberty. The cells of the body are unable to respond to the male sex hormone, which is made in the testes in normal amounts for a male. They respond instead to the small amount of female sex hormone, estrogen, which is normally made in the testes. The effect before birth is that masculine internal development commences but is not completed. It goes far enough, however, to prevent internal female development. Externally, the genitalia differentiate as female, except for a blind vagina, which is usually not deep enough for satisfactory intercourse and needs either dilation or surgical lengthening in or after middle teenage. There is no menstruation and no fertility. Breasts develop normally. Incidence of occurrence is approximately one in 500 births.

Androgeny
See Androgyny

Androgyne
A person who manifests a merging of the roles traditionally stereotyped as belonging to male and female, respectively. Formerly the term was also used as a synonym for male pseudohermaphrodite, along with gynandroid as a synonym for female pseudohermaphrodite.

Androgyny
The condition of showing some characteristics of both sexes in body, mind, or behavior

Android 10
Android 10 is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): methyltestosterone.

Android 25
Android 25 is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): methyltestosterone.

Android 5
Android 5 is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): methyltestosterone.

Android-f
Android-f is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): fluoxymesterone.

Andrology
The science dealing with the structures, functions, and disorders of the male reproductive system.

Andromimesis
A syndrome of male impersonation in a natal female who is able to relate sexuoerotically exclusively with women, and who may be hormonally, but not surgically sex-reassigned. It is a syndrome of gender transposition, not paraphilia

Andromimetic
a girl or woman being a person manifesting the features or qualities of a male in bodily appearance, dress and behavior. There is no fixed vernacular synonym except, maybe, a "bull dyke," that is a female homosexual who lives in the role of a man. She may request breast removal, but not genital surgery, and usually not hormones to masculinize the voice, beard and body hair

Andromimetophilia
A paraphilia of the stigmatic/eligibilic type in which sexuoerotic arousal and facilitation or attainment of orgasm are responsive to, and contingent on a partner who is an andromimetic or, in some instances, a sex-reassigned, female-to-male transexual. The paraphilic counterpart in men is gynemimetophilia.

Androphilia
Love of a man by a woman (female androphilia) or by a man (male androphilia). It includes erotosexual bonding.

Androstenedione
An androgenic hormone, secreted by the adrenocortex, ovary, and testis, less potent than testosterone



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
--------------------------------------

Andro
Short for androstenedione, a normal precursor to testosterone and other androgens. Taking andro can raise testosterone levels. See: Androstenedione.

Androgen ablation
Treatment designed to suppress or block the production of male hormones. Androgen suppression can be achieved by surgical removal of the testicles, by taking female sex hormones, or by taking other drugs called antiandrogens. Also called androgen suppression.

Androgen insensitivity syndrome, complete
"A genetic disorder that makes XY fetuses insensitive (unresponsive) to androgens (male hormones). Instead, they are born looking externally like normal girls. Internally, there is a short blind-pouch vagina and no uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries. There are testes in the abdomen or the inguinal canal. The complete androgen insensitivity syndrome is usually detected at puberty when a girl should but does not begin to menstruate. Many of the girls with the syndrome have no pubic or axillary (armpit) hair. They have luxuriant scalp hair without temporal (male-pattern) balding. They are sterile and cannot bear children. They are at high risk for osteoporosis and so should take estrogen replacement therapy. The gene for the syndrome is on the X chromosome in band Xq11-q12. The gene codes for the androgen receptor (also called the dihydrotestosterone receptor). This gene is mutant in the complete androgen insensitivity syndrome. Because of the mutation, the cells cannot respond to androgen. If a woman has the mutation on one of her X chromosomes, the risk for each of her XY offspring to receive the gene and have the syndrome is one-half (50%). There are also partial androgen insensitivity syndromes. They usually result in micropenis with hypospadias and gynecomastia (male breast development). These conditions (which include a disorder called Reifenstein syndrome) are also due to mutations in the androgen receptor gene. The complete androgen insensitivity syndrome was once referred to as testicular feminization (TFM). The name ""complete androgen insensitivity syndrome"" is scientifically accurate and is more satisfactory to patients and their families."

Androgen suppression
Treatment designed to suppress or block the production of male hormones. Androgen suppression can be achieved by surgical removal of the testicles, by taking female sex hormones, or by taking other drugs called antiandrogens. Also called androgen ablation.

Androgen suppression therapy
See: Androgen suppression.

Androgenic

Anemia and triphalangeal thumbs
See: Aase-Smith syndrome II.

Anemia, Addison
A blood disorder caused by a lack of vitamin B12. Patients who have this disorder do not produce the substance in the stomach that allows the body to absorb vitamin B12. This substance is called intrinsic factor (IF).

Anemia, addisonian
A blood disorder caused by a lack of vitamin B12. Patients who have this disorder do not produce the substance in the stomach that allows the body to absorb vitamin B12. This substance is called intrinsic factor (IF).

Anemia, aplastic
See: Aplastic anemia.

Anemia, congenital
See: Congenital anemia.

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