Anatomy
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  Anatomy



Anatomy

   The study of form. Gross anatomy involves structures that can be seen with the naked eye. It is as opposed to microscopic anatomy (or histology) which involves structures seen under the microscope.

RELATED TERMS
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Anatomy
The study of form. Gross anatomy involves structures that can be seen with the naked eye. It is as opposed to microscopic anatomy (or histology) which involves structures seen under the microscope.

Eye
The organ of sight. The eye has a number of components. These components include but are not limited to the cornea, iris, pupil, lens, retina, macula, optic nerve, choroid and vitreous.

Microscope
A microscope (Greek: micron = small and scopos = aim) is an instrument for viewing objects that are too small to be seen by the naked or unaided eye. The science of investigating small objects using such an instrument is called microscopy, and the term microscopic means minute or very small, not easily visible with the unaided eye. In other words, requiring a microscope to examine.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Anatomic orientation terms
"In anatomy, certain terms are used to denote orientation. For example, a structure may be horizontal, as opposed to vertical. Some of the terms of anatomic orientation are as follows:

Anatomical
1. Concerned with anatomy. 2. Concerned with dissection. 3. Related to the structure of an organism.

Anatomical position
The position with the body erect with the arms at the sides and the palms forward. The anatomical position is of importance in anatomy because it is the position of reference for anatomical nomenclature. Anatomic terms such as anterior and posterior, medial and lateral, abduction and adduction, and so on apply to the body when it is in the anatomical position.

Anatomical snuffbox
A hollow seen on the radial aspect (the thumbside) of the dorsum (the back) of the wrist when the thumb is extended fully. The reason that it is called the anatomical snuffbox is that snuff (powdered tobacco) could be put there and then inhaled.

Anatomy in the Bible
"There are in the Bible but few direct references to the internal organs. Biblical poetry, however, abounds with expressions in which the names of such organs are used metaphorically, e.g.: ""His archers compass me round about, he cleaveth my reins asunder, and doth not spare; he poureth out my gall upon the ground"" (Job xvi. 13); ""His vessels are full of healthy fluid, and the marrow of his bones is well moistened"" (ib. xxi. 24, Hebr.); ""I am weary; . . . my throat is dried"" (Ps. lxix.) "

Anatomy, microscopic
"Known among medical students simply as ""micro"", microscopic anatomy is the study of the form of normal structures seen under the microscope, as opposed to gross anatomy which involves structures that are big enough to be observed with the naked eye. "

Anatripsis
The use of friction as a treatment modality for a medical condition. Anatripsis may or may not also involve the application of a medicament.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Anaptic
Suffering from an impaired sense of touch, (a state called anaphia) or tactile anesthesia. An anaptic person has anaphia (an, not + Greek haphe, touch = inability to (feel) touch.

Anastrozole
An oral antiestrogen. Anastrozole inhibits the enzyme aromatase in the adrenal glands that produces the estrogens (estradiol and estrone) and thereby lowers their levels. Brand name: Arimidex. See also: Aromatase inhibitor.

Anatomic orientation terms
"In anatomy, certain terms are used to denote orientation. For example, a structure may be horizontal, as opposed to vertical. Some of the terms of anatomic orientation are as follows:

Anatomical position
The position with the body erect with the arms at the sides and the palms forward. The anatomical position is of importance in anatomy because it is the position of reference for anatomical nomenclature. Anatomic terms such as anterior and posterior, medial and lateral, abduction and adduction, and so on apply to the body when it is in the anatomical position.

Anatomical snuffbox
A hollow seen on the radial aspect (the thumbside) of the dorsum (the back) of the wrist when the thumb is extended fully. The reason that it is called the anatomical snuffbox is that snuff (powdered tobacco) could be put there and then inhaled.

Anatomy

Anatomy in the Bible
"There are in the Bible but few direct references to the internal organs. Biblical poetry, however, abounds with expressions in which the names of such organs are used metaphorically, e.g.: ""His archers compass me round about, he cleaveth my reins asunder, and doth not spare; he poureth out my gall upon the ground"" (Job xvi. 13); ""His vessels are full of healthy fluid, and the marrow of his bones is well moistened"" (ib. xxi. 24, Hebr.); ""I am weary; . . . my throat is dried"" (Ps. lxix.) "

Anatomy, microscopic
"Known among medical students simply as ""micro"", microscopic anatomy is the study of the form of normal structures seen under the microscope, as opposed to gross anatomy which involves structures that are big enough to be observed with the naked eye. "

Anatripsis
The use of friction as a treatment modality for a medical condition. Anatripsis may or may not also involve the application of a medicament.

ANC
The absolute neutrophil count, the number of white blood cells (WBCs) that are neutrophils. The ANC is not measured directly. It is derived by multiplying the WBC count times the percent of neutrophils in the differential WBC count. The percent of neutrophils consists of the segmented (fully mature) neutrophils) + the bands (almost mature neutrophils). The normal range for the ANC = 1.5 to 8.0 (1,500 to 8,000/mm3).

Anderson-Fabry disease
See: Fabry disease.

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