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    1. Concerned with anatomy. 2. Concerned with dissection. 3. Related to the structure of an organism.


The study of form. Gross anatomy involves structures that can be seen with the naked eye. It is as opposed to microscopic anatomy (or histology) which involves structures seen under the microscope.

The process of cutting apart or separating tissue as, for example, in the study of anatomy or in the course of a surgical procedure.

A living thing, such as an animal, a plant, a bacterium, or a fungus.


Anatomic orientation terms
"In anatomy, certain terms are used to denote orientation. For example, a structure may be horizontal, as opposed to vertical. Some of the terms of anatomic orientation are as follows:

Anatomical position
The position with the body erect with the arms at the sides and the palms forward. The anatomical position is of importance in anatomy because it is the position of reference for anatomical nomenclature. Anatomic terms such as anterior and posterior, medial and lateral, abduction and adduction, and so on apply to the body when it is in the anatomical position.

Anatomical snuffbox
A hollow seen on the radial aspect (the thumbside) of the dorsum (the back) of the wrist when the thumb is extended fully. The reason that it is called the anatomical snuffbox is that snuff (powdered tobacco) could be put there and then inhaled.

The study of form. Gross anatomy involves structures that can be seen with the naked eye. It is as opposed to microscopic anatomy (or histology) which involves structures seen under the microscope.

Anatomy in the Bible
"There are in the Bible but few direct references to the internal organs. Biblical poetry, however, abounds with expressions in which the names of such organs are used metaphorically, e.g.: ""His archers compass me round about, he cleaveth my reins asunder, and doth not spare; he poureth out my gall upon the ground"" (Job xvi. 13); ""His vessels are full of healthy fluid, and the marrow of his bones is well moistened"" (ib. xxi. 24, Hebr.); ""I am weary; . . . my throat is dried"" (Ps. lxix.) "

Anatomy, microscopic
"Known among medical students simply as ""micro"", microscopic anatomy is the study of the form of normal structures seen under the microscope, as opposed to gross anatomy which involves structures that are big enough to be observed with the naked eye. "

The use of friction as a treatment modality for a medical condition. Anatripsis may or may not also involve the application of a medicament.


Amniotic fluid
Clear liquid that surrounds and protects the fetus throughout pregnancy.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
A terminal neurological disorder characterized by progressive degeneration of motor cells in the spinal cord and brain. It is often referred to as "Lou Gehrig's disease."

Anal fissure
A small tear in the anus that may cause itching, pain, or bleeding.

Anal fistula
A channel that develops between the anus and the skin. Most fistulas are the result of an abscess (infection) that spreads to the skin.

An operation to connect two body parts. An example is an operation in which a part of the colon is removed and the two remaining ends are rejoined.


The medical study and application of pain-killing medication.

An agent that causes loss of sensation with or without the loss of consciousness.

Angina pectoris
Also called angina. Recurring chest pain or discomfort that happens when some part of the heart does not receive enough blood.

Abnormal or enlarged blood vessels in the gastrointestinal tract.

An x-ray that uses dye to detect bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract.

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