Albuminuria
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  Albuminuria



Albuminuria

   More than the normal amount of albumin in the urine. Albumin is the predominant protein in human blood and it is the key to the regulation of the osmotic pressure of blood. It is normal to have some albumin in urine. But too much albumin indicates that protein is leaking through the kidney. Albuminuria can mean many things. For example, albuminuria may be a sign of significant kidney disease or it may simply be a sequel of vigorous exercise. Albuminuria is a form of proteinuria.

RELATED TERMS
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Albumin
A water-soluble protein found in milk, egg, muscle, blood and many vegetable tissues and fluids.

Urine
The waste fluid secreted by the kidneys, transported by the ureters, stored in the bladder, and voided through the urethra.

Protein
Any of a group of complex organic compounds which contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and usually sulfur, the characteristic element being nitrogen. Proteins, the principal constituents of the protoplasm of all cells, are of high molecular weight and consist essentially of combinations of a-amino acids in peptide linkages. Twenty different amino acids are commonly found in proteins, and each protein has a unique genetically defined amino acid sequence which determines its specific shape and function. Their roles include enzymatic catalysis, transport and storage, coordinated motion, nerve impulse generation and many others.

Blood
The life-maintaining fluid which is made up of plasma, red blood cells (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes), and platelets; blood circulates through the body's heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries; it carries away waste matter and carbon dioxide, and brings nourishment, electrolytes, hormones, vitamins, antibodies, heat, and oxygen to the tissues.

Kidney
One of the paired organs that excrete urine. The kidneys are bean-shaped organs (about 11 cm long, 5 cm wide, and 3 cm thick) lying on either side of the vertebral column, posterior to the peritoneum, about opposite the twelfth thoracic and first three lumbar vertebrae.

Albuminuria
More than the normal amount of albumin in the urine. Albumin is the predominant protein in human blood and it is the key to the regulation of the osmotic pressure of blood. It is normal to have some albumin in urine. But too much albumin indicates that protein is leaking through the kidney. Albuminuria can mean many things. For example, albuminuria may be a sign of significant kidney disease or it may simply be a sequel of vigorous exercise. Albuminuria is a form of proteinuria.

Mean
The sum of the values of all observations or data points divided by the number of observations, an arithmetical average.

Sign
An objective manifestation of a pathological condition. Signs are observed by the examiner rather than reported by the affected individual.

Disease
Illness or sickness often characterized by typical patient problems (symptoms) and physical findings (signs). Disruption sequence: The events that occur when a fetus that is developing normally is subjected to a destructive agent such as the rubella (German measles) virus.

Exercise
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.

Proteinuria
Protein in the urine.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Albuginea
Tough white fibrous tissue. The tunica albuginea of the testis, for example, is the layer of dense whitish inelastic tissue that surrounds the testis.

Albumen
"The white of an egg, the part of the egg from which meringues are made. Albus in Latin is white. Not to be confused with ""albumin"" which is the main protein in human blood and the key to the regulation of the osmotic pressure of blood."

Albumin
A water-soluble protein found in milk, egg, muscle, blood and many vegetable tissues and fluids.

Albumin Receptors
Cell surface proteins that bind albumin with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells.

Albumin, 99mTc-Human Serum
A gamma-emitting radionuclide imaging agent used for the diagnosis of diseases in many tissues, particularly in cardiovascular and cerebral circulation.

Albumin, Bovine Serum
Serum albumin from cows, commonly used in in vitro biological studies. (From Stedman, 25th ed)

Albumin, Radioiodinated Serum
Normal human serum albumin mildly iodinated with radioactive iodine (131-I) which has a half-life of 8 days, and emits beta and gamma rays. It is used as a diagnostic aid in blood volume determination. (from Merck Index, 11th ed)

Albumin, Serum
A major plasma protein that serves in maintaining the plasma colloidal osmotic pressure and transporting large organic anions.

Albumins
Water-soluble proteins found in egg whites, blood, lymph, and other tissues and fluids. They coagulate upon heating.

Albuquerque clinic
A medical clinic in the city of Albuquerque.

Albuquerque doctor
A medical doctor who can practice medicine in the city of Albuquerque.

Albuquerque doctors
All doctors near Albuquerque, the United States of America. Doctors who can assist a patient in Albuquerque.

Albuquerque hospitals
All the hospitals, clinics and other medical facilities in the city of Albuquerque.

Albury Base Hospital
The Albury Base Hospital is a hospital in Albury, New South Wales, Australia.

Albuterol
Albuterol is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): albuterol .

Albuterol sulfate
Albuterol sulfate is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): albuterol sulfate .

Albuterol Sulfate
A racemic mixture with a 1:1 ratio of the r-isomer, levalbuterol, and s-albuterol. It is a short-acting beta2-adrenergic agonist with its main clinical use in ASTHMA.

Albuterol sulfate hfa
Albuterol sulfate hfa is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): albuterol sulfate .



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Albinism and hemorrhagic diathesis
See: Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome.

Albinism, oculocutaneous
An hereditary disorder characterized by deficiency of the pigment melanin in the eyes, skin and hair. The lack of eye pigment causes photophobia (sensitivity to light), nystagmus, and decreased visual acuity. Oculocutaneous albinism is conventionally classified as to whether it is tyrosinase-negative or tyrosinase-positive. In the tyrosinase-negative class, there is absence of the enzyme tyrosinase. In the tyrosinase-positive class, tyrosinase is present but it cannot enter pigment cells to do its job and make melanin.

Albright syndrome
A genetic disorder of bones, skin pigmentation and hormonal problems with premature sexual development. Also called McCune-Albright syndrome and polyostotic fibrous dysplasia.

Albuginea
Tough white fibrous tissue. The tunica albuginea of the testis, for example, is the layer of dense whitish inelastic tissue that surrounds the testis.

Albumen
"The white of an egg, the part of the egg from which meringues are made. Albus in Latin is white. Not to be confused with ""albumin"" which is the main protein in human blood and the key to the regulation of the osmotic pressure of blood."

Albuminuria

ALCAM
A receptor expressed on T cells which is involved in the adhesion of cells. ALCAM stands for activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule. The gene encoding ALCAM is on chromosome 3 in region 3q13.1-q13.2. The ALCAM gene has been reported to be less active in breast tumors with a poor prognosis.

Alcohol
An organic chemical in which one or more hydroxyl (OH) groups are attached to carbon (C) atoms in place of hydrogen (H) atoms. Common alcohols include ethyl alcohol or ethanol (found in alcoholic beverages), methyl alcohol or methanol (can cause blindness) and propyl alcohol or propanol (used as a solvent and antiseptic). Rubbing alcohol is a mixture of acetone, methyl isobutyl ketone, and ethyl alcohol. In everyday talk, alcohol usually refers to ethanol as, for example, in wine, beer, and liquor. It can cause changes in behavior and be addictive.

Alcohol abuse
"Use of alcoholic beverages to excess, either on individual occasions (""binge drinking"") or as a regular practice. For some individuals-children or pregnant women, for example-almost any amount of alcohol use may be legally considered ""alcohol abuse,"" depending on local laws. Heavy alcohol abuse can cause physical damage and death."

Alcohol poisoning
condition in which a toxic amount of alcohol (ethanol, ethyl alcohol) has been drunk, usually in a short period of time. The toxicity is related to the blood level of the alcohol. The individual may become extremely disoriented, unresponsive or unconscious, with shallow breathing. Because alcohol poisoning can be fatal, emergency treatment is urgently needed.

Alcohol, pregnancy
The consumption of alcohol during pregnancy carries the danger of damaging the fetus.

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