Alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase
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  Alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase



Alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase

   A liver enzyme known, for short, as AGXT. See: AGXT.

RELATED TERMS
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Liver
The largest organ in the body. The liver carries out many important functions, such as making bile, changing food into energy, and cleaning alcohol and poisons from the blood.

Enzyme
A cellular protein whose shape allows it to hold together several other molecules in close proximity to each other. In this way, enzymes are able to induce chemical reactions in other substances with little expenditure of energy and without being changed themselves. Basically, an enzyme acts as a catalyst.

AGXT
A gene that provides instructions for making a liver enzyme called alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGXT). Inside liver cells, this enzyme is found in peroxisomes, structures that contain many different enzymes used to produce energy and the basic materials important for cellular activities. AGXT converts a compound called glyoxylate to glycine, an amino acid that is a building block for making enzymes and other proteins.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Alanine
"An amino acid, one of the 20 building blocks of protein. Alanine is not an ""essential"" amino acid. It is not essential to the diet, but can be made by the body from other substances. Alanine was discovered in protein in 1875. Symbol: Ala."

Alanine Aminopeptidase
Glycoproteins expressed on human granulocyte-monocyte progenitor colony forming units (CFU-GM) and their more differentiated progeny. The enzymes are also found in a large number of tissues, often associated with membranes. EC 3.4.11.2

Alanine Aminotransferase
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of L-alanine and 2-oxoglutarate to pyruvate and L-glutamate. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 2.6.1.2.

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)
An enzyme that is normally present in liver and heart cells. ALT is released into blood when the liver or heart is damaged. The blood ALT levels are thus elevated with liver damage (for example, from viral hepatitis) or with an insult to the heart (for example, from a heart attack). Some medications can also raise ALT levels. ALT is also called serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT).

Alanine Racemase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein that reversibly catalyzes the conversion of L-alanine to D-alanine. EC 5.1.1.1.

Alanine Specific tRNA
A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying alanine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Ala
Alanine. See also: Amino acid symbols.

ALA
1. Alpha-linolenic acid 2.Aminolevulinic acid, a naturally occurring chemical in the body that is converted to protoporphryn IX, a light-sensitive compound. Aminolevulinic acid has been used in the photodynamic therapy of skin precancer and cancer.

Alagille syndrome
Also known as arteriohepatic dysplasia, this is a genetic disorder characterized by jaundice in the newborn period, liver disease with cholestasis, peripheral pulmonic stenosis and unusual face.

Alanine
"An amino acid, one of the 20 building blocks of protein. Alanine is not an ""essential"" amino acid. It is not essential to the diet, but can be made by the body from other substances. Alanine was discovered in protein in 1875. Symbol: Ala."

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)
An enzyme that is normally present in liver and heart cells. ALT is released into blood when the liver or heart is damaged. The blood ALT levels are thus elevated with liver damage (for example, from viral hepatitis) or with an insult to the heart (for example, from a heart attack). Some medications can also raise ALT levels. ALT is also called serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT).

Alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase

Alb-
"Prefix from the Latin ""albus"" meaning ""white."" As in albino and albinism. The term ""albino"" was first applied by the Portuguese to ""white"" people they encountered in West Africa. Those ""white"" people probably had partial or complete albinism, an inherited lack of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes."

Albert Sabin
See: Sabin, Albert.

Albinism and hemorrhagic diathesis
See: Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome.

Albinism, oculocutaneous
An hereditary disorder characterized by deficiency of the pigment melanin in the eyes, skin and hair. The lack of eye pigment causes photophobia (sensitivity to light), nystagmus, and decreased visual acuity. Oculocutaneous albinism is conventionally classified as to whether it is tyrosinase-negative or tyrosinase-positive. In the tyrosinase-negative class, there is absence of the enzyme tyrosinase. In the tyrosinase-positive class, tyrosinase is present but it cannot enter pigment cells to do its job and make melanin.

Albright syndrome
A genetic disorder of bones, skin pigmentation and hormonal problems with premature sexual development. Also called McCune-Albright syndrome and polyostotic fibrous dysplasia.

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aminotransferase / alaninw-glyoxylate aminotransferase / alanine=glyoxylate aminotransferase / alanine[glyoxylate aminotransferase / alaninepglyoxylate aminotransferase / alanine0glyoxylate aminotransferase / alanine-tlyoxylate aminotransferase / alanine-goyoxylate aminotransferase / alanine-gpyoxylate aminotransferase / alanine-g;yoxylate aminotransferase / alanine-g.yoxylate aminotransferase / alanine-g,yoxylate aminotransferase / alanine-gkyoxylate aminotransferase / alanine-giyoxylate aminotransferase / alanine-gl6oxylate aminotransferase / alanine-gl7oxylate aminotransferase / alanine-gluoxylate aminotransferase / alanine-gljoxylate aminotransferase / alanine-glhoxylate aminotransferase / alanine-glgoxylate aminotransferase / alanine-gltoxylate aminotransferase / alanine-gl5oxylate aminotransferase / alanine-gly9xylate aminotransferase / alanine-gly0xylate aminotransferase / alanine-glypxylate aminotransferase / alanine-glylxylate aminotransferase / alanine-glykxylate 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aminotgansferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotfansferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotdansferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminoteansferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminot3ansferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotrqnsferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotrwnsferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotrsnsferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotrxnsferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotrznsferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotrabsferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotrahsferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotrajsferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotramsferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotra sferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotranwferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotraneferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotrandferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotranxferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotranzferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotranaferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotranqferase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransrerase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransterase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransgerase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransberase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransverase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotranscerase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransderase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotranseerase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransf3rase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransf4rase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransfrrase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransffrase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransfdrase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransfsrase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransfwrase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransfe4ase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransfe5ase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransfetase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransfegase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransfefase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransfedase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransfeease / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransfe3ase / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferqse / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferwse / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransfersse / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferxse / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferzse / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferawe / alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferaee / alanine-glyoxylate 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