Adjacent
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  Adjacent



Adjacent

   Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. From ad-, near + the Latin jacere, to lie = to lie near.

RELATED TERMS
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Ad-
"Latin prefix meaning ""toward"" and ""in the direction of,"" as in adduction (movement of a limb toward the midline of the body), adhesion, and adrenal (toward the kidney)."



SIMILAR TERMS
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PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Adhesive capsulitis
"Constant severe limitation of the range of motion of the shoulder due to scarring around the shoulder joint. Adhesive capsulitis is an unwanted consequence of rotator cuff disease -- damage to the rotator cuff, the set of four tendons that stabilize the shoulder joint and help move the shoulder in diverse directions. Diabetes is also a risk factor for adhesive capsulitis. The affected joint is characteristically painful and tender to palpation. Physical therapy and corticosteroid injections (a ""cortisone shot"" into the joint) are often helpful. Surgery is reserved for more advanced cases. Also called a ""frozen shoulder"" because of loss of the ability to move the shoulder in all directions."

ADI
Acceptable daily intake.

Adipocyte
A fat cell, a connective tissue cell that has differentiated and become specialized in the synthesis (manufacture) and storage of fat. The adipocyte is important to the body in maintaining proper energy balance, storing calories in the form of lipids, mobilizing energy sources in response to hormonal stimulation, and commanding changes by signal secretions. Under the microscope, the adipocyte appears bloated with triglycerides. The nucleus of the cell is displaced to one side by the fat. The cytoplasm of the cell looks like a thin line surrounding the pool of fat.

Adipose
"""Adipose"" means ""fat"" but is usually used to refer specifically to tissue made up of mainly fat cells such as the yellow layer of fat beneath the skin. The word ""adipose"" comes from the Latin ""adeps"" meaning ""fat, particularly lard."""

Adipose most abundant gene transcript 1
"""Adipose"" means ""fat"" but is usually used to refer specifically to tissue made up of mainly fat cells such as the yellow layer of fat beneath the skin. The word ""adipose"" comes from the Latin ""adeps"" meaning ""fat, particularly lard."""

Adjacent

Adjuvant
"The Latin ""adjuvans"" means to help, particularly to reach a goal. Adjuvant therapy for cancer is surgery followed by chemotherapy or radiation to help decrease the risk of the cancer recurring (coming back). An adjuvant is a substance that helps and enhances the pharmacological effect of a drug or increases the ability of an antigen to stimulate the immune system."

Adjuvant chemotherapy
Chemotherapy given after tumor surgery.The idea underpinning adjuvant chemotherapy is that the chemotherapy drugs are more effective after the main tumor has been removed and any remaining cancer is in small amounts (microscopic metastases). For example, in a case of colon cancer, the primary tumor would first be resected (removed) from the colon. Then the adjuvant chemotherapy would be carried out. The chemotherapy drugs might be given intravenously and instilled directly into the abdomen.

ADLs (activities of daily living)
The things we normally do in daily living including any daily activity we perform for self-care (such as feeding ourselves, bathing, dressing, grooming), work, homemaking, and leisure. The ability or inability to perform ADLs can be used as a very practical measure of ability/disability in many disorders.

Admission
Entry. As a patient admission (into a hospital). The opposite of admission in this context is discharge.

Admitting physician
The doctor responsible for admitting a patient to a hospital or other inpatient health facility.

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