Acupuncture
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  Acupuncture



Acupuncture

    A procedure used in or adapted from Chinese medical practice in which specific body areas are pierced with fine needles for therapeutic purposes or to relieve pain or produce regional anesthesia.

RELATED TERMS
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Medical
Pertaining to Medicine.

Pain
An unpleasant sensory or emotional experience primarily associated with tissue damage, or described in terms of tissue damage, or both.

Anesthesia
Depending on the type of treatment a patient is to receive, a dentist may recommend some type of dental anesthesia. Local anesthesia involves the numbing of the teeth and gums. Topical anesthetic may be used to help make the injection more tolerable. Most dental work falls under this type of anesthesia (i.e., fillings, crowns, root canals and gum surgery) and may cause the patient to feel a temporary numbness. Nitrous Oxide or "laughing gas" may be used in combination with local anesthetics or alone if the patient cannot tolerate a local injection. Nitrous Oxide is an anti-anxiety agent that helps relax both children and adults. Patients wear a mask to breathe in the nitrous air. The effects soon dissipate once the nitrous is turned off and the patient begins to breathe oxygen through the mask. There are very few known side effects with Nitrous Oxide. General anesthesia is used during more complex procedures or for those that experience a high level of anxiety and wish to be asleep during the treatment. An anesthesiologist or a dentist who has received special training administers general anesthesia. Sometimes oral medications are used to relieve dental pain or anxiety. These analgesics may be used in combination with the above types of anesthesia or alone to help relieve post treatment discomfort.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Acupan
Non-narcotic analgesic chemically similar to ORPHENADRINE. Its mechanism of action is unclear. It is used for the relief of acute and chronic pain. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p26)

Acupoint
Designated locations along nerves or organ meridians for inserting acupuncture needles.

Acupoint (acupuncture point, she xue)
Generally, any of an indefinite number of points on or near the surface of a human or other mammal that, allegedly, are susceptible to healthful activation and communicate with internal organs.

Acupoints
Designated locations along nerves or organ meridians for inserting acupuncture needles.

Acupressure
The application of pressure on specific points on the body to control symptoms such as pain or nausea. Similar in concept to acupuncture but without needles.

Acupuncture Analgesia
Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers - the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus - to produce analgesia.

Acupuncture Anesthesia
Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers - the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus - to produce analgesia.

Acupuncture Point
Designated locations along nerves or organ meridians for inserting acupuncture needles.

Acupuncture Points
Designated locations along nerves or organ meridians for inserting acupuncture needles.

Acupuncture Therapy
Treatment of disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians. The placement varies with the disease being treated. It is sometimes used in conjunction with heat, moxibustion, acupressure, or electric stimulation.

Acupuncture, Ear
Acupuncture therapy by inserting needles in the ear. It is used to control pain and for treating various ailments.

Acupunctures, Ear
Acupuncture therapy by inserting needles in the ear. It is used to control pain and for treating various ailments.

Acupuncturist
A person skilled in the practice of acupuncture, who may or may not be credentialed by a national accrediting body.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Ablation
Elimination or removal.

Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE)
A medication that lowers blood pressure.

Absorption
The way nutrients from food move from the small intestine into the cells in the body.

Accessory digestive organs
Organs that help with digestion but are not part of the digestive tract. These organs are the tongue, glands in the mouth that make saliva, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder.

Acupuncture

Adenocarcinoma
A cancer that develops in the lining or inner surface of an organ.

Adhesion
A band of scar tissue that joins normally separated internal body structures, most often after surgery, inflammation, or injury in the area.

Adjuvant treatment
Treatment that is added to other therapies to increase effectiveness.

Adrenal glands
Two glands, one on top of each kidney, which produce a variety of hormones that affect nearly every body system.

Adrenaline
Or epinephrine. One of two chemicals (the other is norepinephrine) released by the adrenal gland that increases the speed and force of heartbeats. It dilates the airways to improve breathing and narrows blood vessels in the skin and intestine so that an increased flow of blood reaches the muscles and allows them to cope with the demands of exercise.

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